- what's really to do  -  we're late: The race against time has already begun!

Stop the climate heating – but how?

Momentarily only the "CO2-reduction" is suggested as proceeding against the climatic heating.
But it is interesting that the climate was already cooled in the stone age by another proceeding effectively.
This so long-proven principle should be taken up, it's simple to understand:

Water vaporescends, thereby removes warmth and thereby cools the evaporation area immediately and efficiently. (therefore someone freezes in wet clothes; therefore it is so cool in the forest).
As soon as the evaporation area is cool and/or clouds have been formed, the continual warming up and ascending of air are interrupted (this is important).
Air lying over it cools down, so that air humidity can condense to a cloud (rain cloud). Aerosol particles (= dispersible types of dust) work thereby as condensation germs.
Thereby the condensation energy becomes free in the forming clouds as perceptible warmth.

The rain clouds radiate back the sunbeams and thus their enormous amount of heat of Ee0=1,37 kW/m² back to the universe
(if a cloud moves itself before the sun, it’s getting immediately cooler; Ee0 = solar constant - varying approx. 3,4%, see www.wikipedia.org).

Down raining clouds let the plants sprout, which only then assimilate CO2, that’s vitally for them.
But a cloud only rains down if the water droplets are so large, that they can no more be carried by ascending air. The water droplets can become only larger, if at them more steam particles condense than evaporate. Therefore it must be enough cold.

In temperate zones and vegetation areas it rains so much and/or it gives land floodings, because clouds ”search” world-wide for cool Condensation areas and there the rain patters down in sheets.
Rain is the consequence of condensation (similarly as water droplets condens at a cold beverage glass).
In order to equalise it’s necessary to create cool “condensation surfaces” in hot drought areas by vaporescending water.

But altogether the clouds world-wide decrease, because vegetation areas are cut down due to people settlement, therefore we have a climatic heating.
Television, Phoenix 2007-03-18: "Even in Brazil the rain quantity and thus the water power production decreases more and more".
Because of desert expansion (desertification) the control medium water in the atmosphere is missing, thus the climate regulation becomes instable!
The earth itself heats up, because fewer sunbeams are radiated back.

It can not be that it's admitted that there are cut down trees in the african Congo area! - Who is making his profit out of it? - And the climate protection people have to build with multiple higher monetary cost solar seawater desalination plants, for plant watering, to dissipate heat by evaporation of water?

The cheated people (we) do not realize that because we are bemused with CO2-talk!
The climate conferences make it very simple with the CO2 denunciation; with this the people are maked stupid.

This is all very, very expensive and dangerous - the problem of global warming is thus solved in no way!
Animals die of thirst! More and more forest areas burn!

Television 2016-09-14: "The rivers in Germany carry less and less water".
The deserts are spreading also to Germany, they'll just roll over us if the heat in drought areas is not dissipated.
Then lot's of refugees will come that make countless children in Africa, although fewer and fewer fishes are caught, because they have no perspective.

Imagine, you're driving and suddenly the heat of the engine is no longer dissipated - how hot the engine will going to be ?, how far you are yet to come?

The heat dissipation is absolutely necessary. That every engineer knows.

If the heat is not dissipated, you will not get ahead, even with CO2 denouncement !
Currently there is exactly the same thing with the earth climate: The heat is not dissipated!

So what's to do?

In order to cool the earth climate, be sure the heat in hot arid regions must be dissipated!

Hot arid regions have to be watered  s a l t  f r e e , that the water can evaporate again to fulfill the important purpose: to meet the heat dissipation!

(Economical) plants have the large sheet surface necessary for the water vaporescendation.

There are 2 possibilities for their irrigation:

1. Possibility with seawater desalination (expensive, no salting risk):
By means of solar sea water desalination plants plentifully existing sea water (approx. 3% salt content) can be desalted with minimum of energy, they are compared to other desalination procedures relative to the energy consumption unbeatable.
(Briefly explained: Solar sea water desalination plants consist of rectangular water bassins with diagonal, airproof glass top covers, at which inside 4 ltr./(sqm·day) condensed water runs down and is diverted in grooves. With 1 square meter solar sea water desalination plant can be watered at least 4 square meter area of agricultural crop land.)
Thickened seawater must be processed or back-pumped again to the sea, in order to prevent a salting (sole max. 8% salt content, otherwise deposits sublimate). Thus the sea would not get salted, since the quantity of water on earth remains constant.

2. Possibility: Irrigation with river water (favorable, but salting risk, ex. Nile environment):
Attention! Also by fresh water areas can salt in 10-15 years!
A desalting can be prevented through
- Irrigation only in areas, in those winter rain washes salt out of the soil (but the aim to do are drought areas).
- Irrigation only at night that the water does not evaporate, before it is taken up by the earth/plant.
- Cultivation of salt-resistant plants, e.g. barley and
- as small irrigation as possible (droplet irrigation of Israeli irrigation specialists). The salt is harvested away with the plant.
Parallel to this one should try to gain a net yield from the watering (see below). If then in the areas the rain falls increase (should be), one could try without expensive sea water desalination plants to expand irrigation areas / move with success.

3. No Possibility: Irrigation with underground water resources (predatory exploitation):
This, in Libya practiced predatory exploitation surely will have bad consequences!
Elephants do no more find water places!

Comparison stove plate - climate heating:
There are 3 only 2 possibilities to cool a glowing stove plate:
1. Switching off --> that’s not possible with the climate: The sun cannot be switched off.
2. Put a water pot on it --> corresponds with the climate: To water drought areas,
     in order to dissipate the warmth - thus the stove plate / the climate is cooled efficiently.
3. Reduce the CO2 in the room air --> will thereby the stove plate be cooled? - surely not.(!)

If one likes really to have a success in stopping the climate heating, one must proceed according to this old proven, thermodynamic principle of the climate cooling:
In drought areas economical plants should have to be watered (salt-free).
The economical plants vaporescend the water - this is at first sight a loss, but by the heat dissipation the condition for the vitally important clouds-formation is created, since by the water vaporescence the air becomes cooler and more humid.

This is - based on the functioning since stone age, natural principle of the climate cooling – a surely effective, not yet discussed possibility to cool the climate.

Besides it would create jobs and would promote the international cooperation.
Economically regarded the crop yield of the economical plants is small, but the net yield of solar cells is also not higher, since it must be paid by the public over a too expensive electricity tariff.
Solar cells don’t solve e.g. no food problems, no forest fire problems, etc. - but they could drive water pumps in drought areas, in order to work thereby against food- and forest fire problems.

At night clouds prevent the long wavy radiation of heat into outer space and warm thereby, they care for a moderate day-night temperature difference (in deserts the day night temperature difference amounts up to 50K because of missing clouds). According to the satellite study (GEO March 1989, see below) the refreshing sun shielding effect of the rain clouds outweighs however clearly: Without clouds it would be warmer on earth approximately 10 degrees. So clouds cool the climate since the stone age.

The statement, that the largest part of the greenhouse effect would be caused by water vapour in the atmosphere, is misleading and possibly not completely correct, since thereby the clouds effects are not considered. Rain clouds in the lowest atmosphere layer (troposphere) radiate sunbeams back before they are converted on the earth's surface into long-wave heat radiation.
A scientific-critical analysis of senior Meteorologist, Dipl. Met. Dr. Wolfgang Thüne you find on the side www.schmanck.de. But for legal reasons I can assume no responsibility for statements of this Internet side.

By means of (solarly desalted) water irrigated areas would solve several problems:
1.) Direct cooling of the climate by immediate heat dissipation over the vaporescending water.
     Thus the condition for the vital clouds formation is created. Developing rain clouds reflect the sunbeams (enormous amount
     of heat of Ee0=1,37 kW/m²
) back to the universe at daytime and so altogether cool the climate,
2.) thus fewer forest fires, forest would spread completely from alone again. It’s not necessary to plant trees,
3.) further desertification would be effectively prevented by refreshing water vaporescendation,
4.) The cooling water must be pumped, therefore it requires a lot of pipelines. This supports the steel price,
5.) foodstuffs would be immediately at place, instead of to transport them energy expensive with ships and airplanes (!),
6.) diseases and poverty are prevented by making available clean water as base of life,
7.) wars for water would be prevented (wars can come between the climate protection),
8.) jobs are created due to the building of solar sea water desalination plants, pipings and pumps, energised by solar cells,
     that they have a perspective and do not make so many children!
9.) thus international cooperation would be promoted,
10.) the refugee problem would ease itself, fewer migration movements due to economical escape -
      instead of increasing refugee streams,
11.) smaller polling load for allergic persons, less life-threatening heat shocks,
12.) fewer parasits (Zecke) by cooler winters,
13.) by fewer parasits one needs fewer gene manipulation / pesticides, which make problems to the bees,
14.) the animal species dying would be reduced, because animals (bees) would find again water to drink,
      - the animal species dying is a serious warning (citation: “before humans the creature comes”),
15.) the storms on earth would be more evenly and weaker.
      On the one hand rain falls decrease over land (that could possibly strengthen with glacier decrease) -
      on the other hand over the sea evaporates ever more water with warmer climate.
      As well known from this evaporation energy tropic hurricanes obtain their energy.
      So earlier harmless, climatic conditions should be created again by means of irrigation drought areas,
16.) controllable energy would become cheaper, since power stations would have a higher efficiency by cooler cooling water -
      instead of too much uncontrollable energy by storms,
17.) clouds created also by the sea would have several points of condensation, where they could rain down distributed and thus more safely.
      Thus there were no more so many land floodings
      (Winds blow landinward during the day, since during the day the sun heats air over the ground more strongly than over the water, thus
      air ascends over country, it gives a negative pressure, cool air reflows from the sea (source: GEO Compact No.9, weather and climate)),
18.) there would grow more plants, thus vegetarian, vitamin-packed food would become cheaper.
       In Asia one nourishes predominantly vegetarian, there are nearly no cases of cancer,
19.) to good end the watered plants themselfes would assimilate CO2 to oxygen.
      And by the new clouds-formation in previous drought areas kilometres-wide growing vegetation would assimilate tons of CO2,
20.) a smaller CO2-content lets radiate long-wave heat rays more easily out in the universe.

This listing shows the coherent interrelationships.

Solar cells and wind energy plants solve as regenerative energy sources only the problems No. 8 and 20 very unsatisfactorily.
The remaining above mentioned problems are not at all solved thereby, since they vaporescend no gram water and thus dissipate also no warmth.
But they could be used in drought areas to generate electric power for irrigation pumps - before the above mentioned problems become rampant so much that world-wide for ever more people the living conditions become more difficult.

Net yield possibilities, drought areas should be seen as chance:
- By high sun exposure energy is present in abundance,
- solar cells could produce much energy for water pumps with high efficiency,
- sugarcane could be cultivated and distilled to bio alcohol. In Brazil 12% of the fuel need are covered thereby,
- possibility of magnesium production for light carparts out of the returned, thickened saltwater,
    which is up-concentrated in the sea water desalination plants (as at the dead sea),
- the soil has plenty minerals and thus fruitful,
- by high sun exposure economical plants would grow in good taste.
- Salt meadow sheep could nourish themselves of salt plants (halophyts).

Its going on, heating-systems, kitchen cookers and motors are manufactured, which is good to be like that.
Many goods are shipped abroad only for workmanship, afterwards again back, e.g. wind energie propellers for treatment to India, crabs to rip off to Morocco, waste paper and scrap metal from America to ….
A 205m long ship burns 100 tons fuel (heavy fuel oil) every day.
The transport volume shall be doubled in the future. In the future also more Chinese will have a car (not only each 30. Chinese). The car industry in India is on the advance.
Realistic seen thus the CO2-reduction has no chance as alone method for stopping the climate heating.
The dream of a smaller CO2-concentration will remain a dream, since constantly following messages come:
Newscast 2007-03-13: "In the last 15 years the forest surface shrank around 12 millions hectares. To Every day 20000 hectar forest are going lost."
Thus alone by CO2-reduction efforts     n  o  t  h  i  n  g     will change, the climatic heating will probably continue to go, at the latest with the next forest fire.
Here should be done something - by irrigation.

Humans increased the vital CO2-concentration by 7,4%, but doubled in few decades the nitrate circuit (factor 200… 310; laughing gas arises by over-fertilization) and brought out FCKW at first.

If one considers the costs for construction of solar sea water desalination plants, one knows, how expensive deforestation and how criminell forest fires are. Each cutted tree will vaporescend no more water!

Impressum:
Jürgen Hipp, mechanical engineer (FH)
74564 Crailsheim
Germany
Tel. +49 7951-278596 (please tell Your Tel.No. slowly , don't tell Fax-Nos. on my telephone-answering set)
E-Mail: j_hipp@arcor.de

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Texts and information of these Website please re-use only with source indication.

German site: www.klimaaufheizung.com


Enclosed an important report from GEO March 1989:

Coolness by clouds

All climate models, which predict an increase of the global temperature due to the greenhouse effect, have a blemish: In them remains vague, which role the clouds play in the radiation balance of our planet. No climate scientologist up to now could say reliably whether they cool the earth at present or rather warm up. Now Veerabhadran Ramanathan of the University of Chicago created together with six colleagues clarity. In a first report on his large satellite study the team comes to the conclusion: Clouds cool. Since 1984 the two satellites „ERBS “and „NOAA-9“ observe a contradictory play of the clouds: On the one hand they reflect the sunbeams and send them back into space - they cool thereby the earth like a shade spending sunshade. On the other hand they catch at the same time the heat, that are radiated from land- and ocean surfaces and give a part of it back to the atmosphere – so the warm the earth like a fleecy blanket. On their computer maps Ramanathan and his colleagues registered, which of the both opposite effects in the various regions of the globe wins the superiority in each case: While the thick rain clouds of the low-pressure zones in the northern hemisphere reflect the sunbeams particularly strong and thus they work refreshingly (dark-green, blue to grey color), the high cirrus clouds around the poles and over the deserts are to a large extend permeable for the sunbeams.

Since they absorb however the heat radiation of the earth, they work warming up (red color). Over the tropics a finely balanced equilibrium between warming and cooling clouds-effect prevails (yellow color). Global seen the sun shielding effect predominates however clearly: Without clouds it would be warmer on earth on the average approximately ten degrees. Groups of researchers in the whole world waited already impatiently for the results of the satellite studies. Now they can improve on the basis of the data the quality of their climate models and the accuracy of their forecasts. „Some models must be surely superseded now“, judges Erich Roeckner of meteorological institut of the University Hamburg. In principle nothing will certainly change at the prognoses to the greenhouse effect. As long as inconsiderately oil and coal is fired, woods are deforested and beside carbone dioxide numerous further trace gases are set free, the presently radiation balance changes, and the atmosphere heats up itself. Some climate scientists are afraid besides that in the future the clouds will strengthen the greenhouse effect of the trace gases by a feedback mechanism. They expect that in an atmosphere heated up more cirrus-clouds will be formed. These however would catch additional heat radiation and would set the natural „air conditioning system“ of our planet to a higher temperature.